This module discusses the definition of mineral bone disorder (MBD) in chronic kidney disease (CKD), important markers in CKD-MBD and monitoring parameters.
This module provides an overview on pathophysiology of CKD-MBD and review the roles of different key players in mineral bone homeostasis.
This module provides an introduction to the management and treatment approaches for CKD-MBD.
This course provides a basic foundation for understanding of the critical relationship between five major electrolytes and their impact on intracellular and extracellular fluid volume.
This course provides an introduction to fundamental concepts of peritoneal dialysis (PD) in children, its challenges and potential complications.
This course gives an overview of the electrolytes, osmotic agents and buffer bases currently used in peritoneal dialysis fluid (PDF). The course also discusses biocompatibility of the PDFs with special regard to pH, Glucose Degradation Products (GDPs) and Advanced Glycosylation Endproducts (AGEs).
This course describes the underlying concepts in peritoneal dialysis (PD) access and how they can be applied to the improvement of clinical outcomes. It teaches how to identify the appropriateness of catheter type based on individual patient characteristics and incorporate appropriate patient preparation procedures into patient care. This peritoneal dialysis (PD) access course also covers how to recognize common signs and symptoms of complications associated with PD access
This course will discuss peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheter exit-site infection (ESI), risk factors and accepted classification schemes. We will also review characteristics of different exit-site categories. We will also discuss how to perform ESI rate calculations and review elements and best practice guidelines for exit-site care.